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Next-Generation Screening, Diagnostic, and Predictive Tools for
Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage

Our novel digital tools, built on interdisciplinary science and AI, help design and optimize effective CCUS strategies.

Merging BIG-3 For Energy Transition and Industrial Decarbonization 


Web application and on-premise software for simulating batch (0D) biogeochemical reactions. CCUS-BATCH can be integrated into existing reservoir simulators such as Petrel, Eclipse, CMG-GEM, GEOSX, or any other fluid flow and solute transport code through its Application Programming Interface (API). 


Web application and on-premise software for building 1D, 2D, and 3D reactive transport models (RTMs) of coupled fluid flow, solute transport, and biogeochemical reactions. 

BIG Compute

  • Cutting-edge high-performance computing and massively parallel  multi-node architecture in the cloud.

  • Operating system agnostic in a containerized environment

BIG Data

  • Deep learning modeling for fast prediction of CO2 storage problems

  • Pre-trained neural network model for simulating fluid flow and solute transport

BIG Science

  • Merging petrophysics, geochemistry, geology, microbiology, environmental engineering, data science, and computer engineering under one platform 

  • Coupled simulation of physical, geochemical, and microbiological processes.

Immense Expertise In
Multiscale Reactive Transport Modeling
From Pore To Reservoir-Scale

Using Multiscale Reactive Transport Modeling To Predict Physical-Chemical Trapping Mechanisms in Geologic CO2 Storage

  • Multiphase flow models at pore-scale and critical interfacial zones

  • Solute transport at pore-scale and reservoir scale 

  • Reactive transport models with adsorption/surface complexation 

  • Reactive transport models with dissolution/precipitation 

  • Reactive transport models with microbially-mediated reactions  

  • Residual trapping (CO2 immobilization by capillary forces) 

  • Dissolution trapping (CO2 dissolved within liquids) 

  • Physical adsorption of CO2 on mineral and organic surfaces 

  • Mineral trapping (CO2 is consumed in chemical reactions)  

  • Biogeochemistry (CO2 is utilized or consumed by engineered microbes)  

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Comprehensive Kinetics and Thermodynamic Database for Biogeochemical Reactions

Our geochemical and reactive transport models are equipped with the most comprehensive and accurate kinetic rate laws and equilibrium thermodynamic databases for a wide range of fluid-rock interaction under various temperature, pressure and salinity conditions. 

We provide our clients with deliverables that conform to the EPA Class VI well requirementsISO 27914 guidelines and align with the special and routine core program testing, including, but not limited to:

  • Model types and background information

  • Input data

  • Assumptions

  • Modeling parameters, kinetics & thermodynamic databases

  • Results - graphical and tabular

  • Reports and/or presentations summarizing the impact of results on long-term CCS performance and model limitations and uncertainties 

We Help Our Clients Acquire
Class VI Well Permits
and Comply with
ISO 27914
For Geologic CO2 Storage

Acquire Class VI Well Permit with the Most Comprehensive Geochemical and Reactive Transport Models per EPA requirements

  • Develop modeling inputs that represent: the mineralogy of the injection formation; the results of formation fluid analyses; pressure, temperature, and pH conditions at depth; and injectate composition.

  • Verify the thermodynamic and kinetic datasets used are suitable to project-specific conditions (e.g. per Section 3.3.1 of the UIC Program Class VI Well Site Characterization Guidance). 

  • Screen potential geochemical reactions such as precipitation and dissolution of minerals that affect storage, confinement, and post-injection site care (PISC) time frame [see 40 CFR 146.93(c)(1)(v)]. 

  • Evaluate compatibility of the carbon dioxide stream with fluids and minerals in the injection and confining zone(s).

  • Wellbore cement degradation analysis as result of CO2 and cement interaction.

  • Predict trace metals e.g. mercury, arsenic, lead, etc. release following dissolution of metal-bearing minerals e.g. iron hydroxides. 

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Benchmarking Our Models With Novel Laboratory Experiments

In collaboration with the Kent State University's Earth Science Department and The University of Texas at Austin's Geoscience Department, we have benchmarked models that can be used for RTM analysis  of complex processes such as changes in porosity-permeability due to minerals precipitation/dissolution during CO2 injection.

We Partner With Major Oilfield Service Companies to Offer Novel Workflows Through Building Digital Twins or Augmenting RCAL (Routine Core Analysis Lab) and SCAL (Special Core Analysis Lab) Experimental Data.

Fluid and facies (mineralogy and petrology) data, acquired by the core analysis program are used in a multi-tier modeling approach. Example SCAL/RCAL data are:

  • XRD

  • ICP-MS

  • XRF

  • Mercury injection

  • N2 adsorprtion BET surface area


Multiscale RTM 

Given a suitable 3D model of the high-grades facies (image-based or process-based), we have the ability to simulate select core analyses (for augmentation, benchmarking, or sensitivity analysis purposes):

  • Permeability

  • CO2 Entry Pressure

  • CO2/Brine Relative Perm

  • CO2/Brine Capillary Pressure

  • MICP

  • Contact Angle/IFT

  • CO2-Brine-Rock Core Geochemical Stability Tests

  • Core Diffusion and Dispersion Coefficient 

FIRST and ONLY Web Application
That Integrates Kinetics and Thermodynamics of

Microbiological Pathways, Synthetic or Natural, Into CCUS Modeling   

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Build the Most Accurate Cement-Brine-CO2 Models For Wellbore Cement Integrity Analysis


Training Course on Geochemical and Reactive Transport Modeling of CCS 

A Hands-On Course On Fundamentals of Subsurface Geochemical Processes, Fluid-Rock Interaction, and Reactive Transport Modeling Required For Carbon Capture, and Storage (CCS) Projects. 

This course explores the best practices and tools of carbon dioxide injection/storage geochemical modeling where the objective is to mitigate risk associated with any CCS project. The outline of the course is as follows:

  • Review of EPA Class VI and ISO 27914 Guidelines modeling requirements 

  • Principles of Geochemical Reactions and Processes, Kinetics vs. Equilibrium Formulation, Reactive Transport Modeling 

  • Introduction to PHREEQC, input/output/database files, acid-base, redox, ion exchange, and surface complexation reactions 

  • BUILD MODEL I: fluid-rock compatibility -> CO2 dissolution/mineralization at different pressure and temperature conditions 

  • BUILD MODEL II: Advective, reactive and dispersive (1D) Transport of CO2 

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